Utilities and Sustainability

Introducing you to Utilities

Utilities are companies that provide a public service based on the delivery and production of natural assets.

Utilities include:

electricity services water services naturalgas services
Electricity Services

Generation, transmission, distribution, retail, metering and customer care segments of electricity providers.

Water Services

Supply, treatment, distribution, metering and customer care segments of water providers.

Natural Gas Services

Distribution, metering, retail and customer care segments of end use natural gas providers.

1

Generation & Trading

2

Transmission & Distribution

3

Retail

  • Generation deals with the conversion of other forms of energy into electric energy
  • Wholesale buying and trading of the commodity
  • Transmission deals with the transportation of bulk quantities of electric energy via electric conductors, from generation sources to the electric distribution system
  • Distribution sector delivers electric energy to end users
  • Retail is concerned with supplying (selling) electrical energy to residential, commercial and industrial customers

 

 

Source: www.eia.doe.gov; www.eei.org;  "The Electricity Delivery System", U.S. Dept of Energy

Water services have 2 flows

One from sources to customers, and another from customers to recycling:

water services_01

Water Intake and Distribution Infrastructure

Pumps bring the water from wells, lakes or reservoirs to treatment facilities where drinkable water is made. The water is then either distributed to end users or placed in storage tanks.

Water Treatment and Purification

The treatment facility takes in the water and initially runs it through a pre-treatment membrane to remove larger debris. Afterwards, water is filtrated and clarified. Lastly and prior to distribution water is disinfected.

water services_02

Water Processing and Reuse

 

Sump and sewage water together with stormwater run-off is collected in tanks and sent to a treatment facility. There filters remove debris and chlorinate the water that is used to replenish the groundwater or send it to streams or oceans.

Source: Hyman, Leonard. The water Business: Understanding the Water Supply and Water Industry. City of Arlington Texas

1

Exploration & Production

2

Storage & Pipeline

3

Distribution

  • Natural Gas is produced, gathered and processed
  • Transmit and store natural gas over long distance
  • Supply customer

 

gas info

Utilities and Sustainability Customers

 

 

Customer Application

 

 

Customer Needs

 

  • Metering
  • Home and Office
  • Building
  • Electric Vehicle
  • Grid
  • Remote consumption monitoring.
  • Real-time secured communication.
  • Enable new tariffs models.
  • Event notification (e.g. supply outage).
  • Remote theft / tamper detection.
  • Peak load management.
  • Customer relationship continuity.
  • Cover regulatory issues.
  • Energy savings, CO2 Reduction.
  • Energy consumption management.
  • Actuators over appliances.
  • Reduce environmental impact.
  • Ability to generate VAS services.
  • Project based solutions.
  • Remote and centralized building management.
  • Energy efficiency.
  • Cost Reduction (maintenance, life extension of lighting and HVAC equipments).
  • Charge points connected to provide Utilities with additional business information.
  • Enhanced system control.
  • Better demand and supply management.
  • Load forecasting and management.
  • Self healing networks.
  • More flexible and variant tariffs.
  • Outage restoration quicker and easier due to more accurate information.

Key areas for M2M applications

  • Meters
  • Home & Office
  • Building
  • Electric Vehicle
  • Grid

Smart Meter

Smart Meter is an electrical meter that records consumptions (energy, gas and water) and communicates that information to the Utility for monitoring and billing purposes.

  • Remote monitoring and alerts
  • Regular updates: accurate billing
  • Time-of-use pricing
  • Minimized operating costs
  • Theft and tampering control
 meters

Smart Home & Office

Smart Home and Office implies using less energy to provide the same or higher level of performance, comfort and convenience.

  • Web portals to monitor real time energy usage (Global/per appliance): information collected/sent by plug computer (internal SIM)
  • Automated household appliances connected to smart plugs (collects and receives info)
  • Communication with Utility
 home-office

Smart Building

Smart Building allow building automation systems: smart products based on information from building sensors and infrastructure control:

  • Lighting system
  • HVAC system
  • Security system
  • Power system
 building

Electric Vehicle

Electric vehicles are propelled by an electric motor with rechargeable batteries.

  • Real time information about recharging points
  • Micropayments
  • Electricity demand forecast
  • Vehicle-to-grid electricity supply during peaks
electric vehicle

Smart Grid

Smart Grids are electricity networks that can intelligently integrate the behavior and actions of all users connected to it in order to efficiently deliver sustainable, economic and secure electricity supplies.

  • Remote monitoring and data collection through Smart Meters
  • Real-Time outage management and restoration
  • Phase load balancing
 grid

 

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M2M Utilities Facts

 

    • 2020
    • Year
    • All EU members should have full smart metering deployment by year 2020.1
    • 30
    • Percent
    • Smart grid could mitigate 30% of distribution losses.2
    • 31
    • Million
    • Smart grid market could potentially grow to $31 billion annually by 2014.3
    • 12
    • Million
    • Home automation systems to be shipped globally by 2016.4
    • 9.5
    • Billion
    • Global revenue for Home automation services will grow to US$9.5 in 2015.5